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Archive for January, 2016

Source: Deciduous enamel 3D microwear texture analysis as an indicator of childhood diet in medieval Canterbury, England

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Source: Constrained Total Energy Expenditure and Metabolic Adaptation to Physical Activity in Adult Humans: Current Biology

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Source: Food mechanical properties and dietary ecology – Berthaume – 2016 – American Journal of Physical Anthropology – Wiley Online Library

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The factors responsible for the formation of Amazonian primate communities are not well understood. Here we investigated the influence of interspecific competition in the assembly of these communities, specifically whether they follow an assembly rule known as “favored states”. According to this rule, interspecific competition influences final species composition, resulting in functional groups that are equally represented in the community. We compiled presence-absence data for primate species at 39 Amazonian sites in Brazil, contrasting two regions with distinct productivity regimes: the eutrophic Juruá River basin and the oligotrophic Negro River basin. We tested two hypotheses: that interspecific competition is a mechanism that influences the structure of Amazonian primate communities, and that competition has had a greater influence on the structure of primate communities in regions with low productivity, where resources are more limited. We used null models to test the statistical significance of the results, and found a non-random pattern compatible with the favored states rule in the two regions. Our findings suggest that interspecific competition is an important force driving primate community assembly regardless of productivity regimes.

Source: PLOS ONE: The Role of Competition in Structuring Primate Communities under Different Productivity Regimes in the Amazon

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